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CALENDAR 



1905 

September 1— Opening of the Session 

November 23— Thanksgiving Day 
December 23-31— Christmas Holidays 

1906 

May 16, 8 P. M.— Soiree Musicale by the Music Class, Bingham Cornet 
Band and Bingham Orchestra 

May 17, 10.30 A. M— Commencement Exercises: Awarding of Diplomas, Certifi- 
cates, Scholarships, Prizes and Medals 

May 17, 11.30 A. M.— Reading of Prize Essay 

May 17, 5 P. M.— Contest for Athletic Medal and Prizes 

May 17, 8 P. M.— Final Inter-Society Contest for Debater's, Orator's 
and Declaimer's Medals 

May 18— Summer Holidays 



PANORAMIC VIEW OF THE BINiiHAM Sc.'lloi I, tilidUNUS FKoM THE sol THEKX RAILWAY. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hil 



http://archive.org/details/binghamschoolcat19051906 



©uv Hbeal. 



To send forth, prepared for life's duties, boys 
and young men of honor, truth and principle, 
having pure hearts, sound bodies and clear 
minds — who love and reverence home, country 
and God, and are not afraid of honest work. 




FACULTY OF THE BINGHAM SCHOOL, ORANGE COUNTY, N. C. 

tBQHHIfRtaiS ^ tK 



ESTABLISHED 1703. 



THE 



1 




ORAXGE COUNTY, 
]NTORTII CAROLINA. 



POST-OFFICE: 

MEBANE, N. C. 



PRESTON LEWIS GRAY, PRINCIPAL. 



CATALOGUE for SESSION 1004-1005. 
ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1005-1006. 



LYNCHBURG, VA. : 

.T. P. BELL COMPANY, PRINTERS, 

1905. 



CoynW Public Ubra/te 
842 S. Spring Stieat 
OB f luutuu ,Nortfaterote tttlM 



faculty ana Officers. 



PRESTON LEWIS GRAY, B. L. 

(Washington and Lee University, Va. ) 

Principal. 

Department of Bible. 

WALTER S. CRAWFORD, A. B. 

(Bingham School; University of North Carolina. ) 
Latin, Greek and English. 

FREDERICK POWELL ROSS. 

( Bingham School; University of North Carolina Summer School. ) 
Mathematics and Science. 

JOSEPH SCOTT CLAY, B. Accts. 

Kentucky University; Zanerian Art College, Ohio; Lexington Business- 
College, Ky. ; Mahaska Business College, Iowa. ) 

The Commercial Course. 
CHARLES EDWARD REDMAN. 

(Shenandoah Collegiate Institute. ) 
Department of Music. 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 

WILLIAM PARKERSON LeGRAXD. 

(Graduate Bingham School.) 
Physical Director, History and Gymnasium. 

WM. R. HARRELL. 

Librarian. 

A. V. CRAIG. 

Manager of the Boarding Department. 

DR. WILLIAM N. TATE. 

Attending Physician. 




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Register of Students 

Tor Session ending may 17, 190s. 



Name. 
Atkins, Frederick Thomas 
Abernathy, Ralph Grier 
Atwater, Carney Bennett 
Atwater, Edward E., . . 
Atwater, Marvin D., . . 
Beasley, Edward Lee . . 
Baity, Odar Lee .... 
Bunn, Nicholas Boddie . 
Battle, John Stewart . . 
Burke, Harvey D. J. . 
Burkehead, John Woodhous 
Beall, William Paisley, Jr. 
Brooks, Albert Sidney . . 
Bradshaw, George Samuel 
Berry, Charles William 
Burton, Charles Carroll 
Cocke, Timothy Dewitt 
Cocke, Eugene Rankin . 
Cooper, George Bunyan 
Chandler, Margaret Jone 
Chandler, Susan Jane . . 
Culbertson, Mary Jetton 
Culbertson, Ruth .... 
Craig, Bessie Lee .... 
Craig, Mattie Mae . . . 



Parent or Guardian. State. 

Mr. F. T. Atkins, . . . N. C. 

Mr. T. J. Abernathy . N. C. 

Mr. William Atwater . N. C. 

Mr. E. E. Atwater . . X. C. 

Mr. William Atwater . N. C. 

Mr. H. G. Beasley . . N. C. 

Mr. John B. Baity . . X. C. 

Mrs. Anna B. Bunn . . X. C. 

Dr. Henry W. Battle . N. C. 

Mrs. A. A. Wbirlow . N. C. 

Mrs. A. L. Burkehead N. C. 

Dr. W. P. Beall .... X. C. 

Capt. T. T. Brooks . . X. C. 

Mr. G. S. Bradshaw . . X. C. 

Mrs. C. A. Berry ... X. C- 

Mrs. R. O. Burton . . X. C. 

Mr. J. E. Rankin ... X. C. 

Mr. J. E. Rankin ... X. C. 

Mr. Geo. H. Cooper . . X. C. 

Mr. L. S. Chandler . . X. C. 

Mr. L. S. Chandler . . X. C. 

Rev. R. W. Culbertson X. C. 

Rev. R. W. Culbertson X. C. 

Mr. A. V. Craig ... X. C. 

Mr. A. V. Craig ... X. C. 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 



Name. 

Cole,RobahE 

Crawford, Otis Minnis . . 
Cates, Marshall Luther . . 
Correll, Coram Ernest . . 
Dalton, Thomas Sparrow . 

Davenport, Lee 

Davenport, Arthur .... 
Dawson, Richard Jether . 
Ferrell, Rupert Rhyme . . 

Ferrell, Bertie M 

Faulconer, Roscoe Conklin 
Fasnacht, Charles Urias . 
Fowler, Lillie Dow .... 
Field, Henry Lindsay . . 
Frye, Joseph Otto .... 
Groves, Volney H. Gibbonej 
Garrison, James Edwin . . 
Hines, James William, Jr. 
Harrison, James Franklin 
Harrison, Jonah Thomas . 
Hoge, Charles Phillip . . 
Hackney, Thomas Jennings 
Hackney, George, Jr. . 
Harris, Irvin Watkins . 
Harris, Arthur Miller . 
Harrell, William Ross . 
Howard, Robert L., . . 
Johnston, Henry Joseph 
Johnston, John Thomas 
Johnson, James Talbot . 
Jennings, Frank Martin 



Parent or Guardian. State. 

Mrs. M. E. Cole . . . N. C. 

Mr. D. F. Crawford . . N. C. 

Mr. L. M. Cates . . . N. C. 

Mr. E. F. Correll . . . N. C. 

Mr. R. F. Dalton . . . N. C. 

Mr. J. R. Davenport . N. C. 

Mr. J. R. Davenport . N. C. 

Mrs. F. H. Dawson . . K C. 

Mr. T. M. Ferrell . . N. C. 

Mr. T. M. Ferrell . . N. C. 
Mr. H. Faulconer . . , N. C. 

Mr. J. A. Fasnacht . . N. C. 

Mr. John H. Fowler . N. C. 

Mr. R. H. Field . . . N. C. 
Mr. Jos. Frye,CostaRica,C.A. 

Mr. A. L. Groves . . N. C. 

Mr. J. F. Garrison . . N. C. 

Mr. J. W. Hines, Sr. . N. C. 

Mr. James B. Harrison N. C. 

Mr. James B. Harrison N. C. 

Mr. R. A. Hodge . . . N. C. 

Mr. Geo. Hackney, Sr. N. C. 

Mr. Geo. Hackney, Sr. N. C. 

Mr. H. E. Litchford . N. C. 

Gen. J. S. Carr . . . . N. C- 

Mr. C. Harrell . . . . N. C. 

George Howard . N. C. 

C. W. Johnston . N. C. 

C. W. Johnston . N. C. 



Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 



J. McN. Johnson N. C. 



Mr. C. W. Jennings . N. C. 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 



9 



Name. 
Krueger, Fred Cassaw . 
Kirkpatrick, Myrtle . . 
Lentz, Fred Heilig . . . 
Maffitt, Ben Crew . . . 
Martin, S. James .... 
Malone, James Dallas . 
Mehaffey, Harold Wade 
Morrow, Calvin Newton 
Moore, Hubert Allison . 
McCoy, Edward Parrish 
Osborne, Paul Clifton . 
Ormond, William E. . . 
Outlaw, Needham Whitfield 
Pearce, Tom Butler . . 
Pugh, Cornelius Collier 
Pace, William Easley . 
Pleasants, Malcolm King, Jr 
Pickard, Alfred Clarence 
Parris, David Parks . . 
Patterson, James Southerland 
Parker, Joseph Allen . . . 
Purnell, Thomas R. Jr. . 
Royster, Farrar William . 
Sutton, Leslie Arthur . . 
Stewart, Hugh Bellfield . 
Stewart, Harry LaFayette 

Scott, Addie 

Shuford, James Campbell 
Snowden, William Eldon . 
Sparrow, Marvin L. . . . 
Smith, Ernest Housman . 



Parent or Guardian. Stale. 

Mr. George H. Krueger N. C. 
Mr. W. J. Kirkpatrick N. C. 
Mr. L. H. Lentz ... X. C. 
Mrs. L. C. Maffitt . . . N. C. 
Mr. W. F. Martin . . N. C 
Mr. W. Y. Malone . . N. C- 
Mr. J. T. Mehaffey . . N. C. 
Mr. George T. Morrow X. C. 
Capt. M. W. Moore . N. C. 
Mrs. T. C. McCoy . . N. C. 
Mrs. D. E. Osborne . . X. C. 
Mr. I. F. Ormond . . X. C. 
Mr. X. B. Outlaw . . X. C. 
Mr. C. C. Pearce ... S. C. 
Mrs. M. E. Pugh ... X. C. 
Mr. E. M. Pace .... X. C. 
Mr. Malcolm Pleasants X. C. 
Mr. J. F. Pickard . . X. C. 
Dr. D. C. Parris ... X. C. 
Mr. H. H. Patterson . X. C. 
Mr. I. F. Ormond . . X. C. 
Hon. T. R. Purnell . . X. C. 
Mr. Geo. H. Royster . X. C. 
Mr. X. G. Sutton ... X. C. 
Mr. W. B. Stewart . . X. C. 
Mr. W. B. Stewart . . X. C- 
Mrs. H. X. Scott ... X. C. 
Mr. A. A. Shuford . . X. C. 
Mr. I. W. West .... X. C. 
Mr. J. D. Sparrow . . X. C. 
Capt. F. C. Smith ... X. C. 



10 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 



Name. 

Sasser, Clarence Grover 
Tat urn, Edis Windle . . 
Tatum, Bennie Benton . 
Van Story, John Benton 
Weatherly, Jobie B. Jr. 
Weatherly, Albert Ernest 
Wilson, Parks Fenrick 
Yarboro, Osmond N. 
York, Pattie Pearl . . 

Twenty- five 



Parent or Guardian. State. 

Mr. J. F. Sasser . . . . N. C. 
Dr. M. Mel. Tatum . . N. C. 
Mr. H. B. Tatum ...KG. 
Mr. C. P. Van Story . N. C. 
Mr. J. B. Weatherly . N. C. 
Mr. J. B. Weatherly . N. C. 
Mr. N. E. Wilson . . . N. C. 
Mr. R. Y. Yarboro . . N. C. 
Mr. W. B. York . . . N. C. 

counties represented. 




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COLONEL WILLIAM BINGHAM. 



Author of "Bingham's Latin Grammar," "Caesar," "English Grammar" 
and "Latin Reader." Born July 7. 1835, at Hillsboro, Orange County, 
N. C. Graduated in 1856 at the University of North Carolina, first in 
a class of seventy. From 1856 to 1873, seventeen years, he taught in 
the Bingham School, during the last eight years being Superintendent. 
He was, in the opinion of all, in the front rank of educators, excelled by 
none, equaled by few. He passed away February 18, 1873, in the thirty- 
eighth year of his age, having acquired a fame throughout the South to 
which few attain by the labors of a long life. 



fiistory of the Bingham School, 

Orange County, n. G. 



In the year 1785, Rev. William Bingham came from Ireland and 
settled.near Wilmington. North Carolina, and in 1793, one hundred and 
twelve years ago, he established at that place a classical school. He 
was the great-grandiather of the present owners of the Bingham School. 
Bev. W. H. Foote, in his "Sketches of Xorth Carolina," says of him: 
"He sustained himself by a classical school, in the management of which 
he attained great excellence and eclat. He removed to the upper country 
and taught with great success in Chatham and in Orange." Rev. Wil- 
liam Bingham taught in America for thirty-two years, twenty-five of 
which were spent in Orange County. 

At his death in 1825, his son, William J. Bingham, inherited the 
school and continued its conduct in Orange County for thirty-nine 
years — until 1864. In that year his son. Col. William Bingham, father 
of the present owners of the Bingham School of Orange, became Princi- 
pal. On the 9th of December of the same year, the General Assembly of 
North Carolina granted him a charter of incorporation, it being enacted: 
"That William Bingham and those that may be associated with him 
be incorporated into a company under the name and style of The Bing- 
ham School." William Bingham continued the conduct of the school 
in Orange County and at the same point near Mebane, where it now 
exists, for nine years, until his death in 1873. 

After his death, his brother and Mrs. William Bingham (who repre- 
sented herself as widow, and the heirs of William Bingham) united in 
carrying on the school, still in Orange and near Mebane, for eighteen 
years, until 1891, when Colonel Bingham's brother removed from 
Orange. The following session, Herbert Bingham, son of Col. William 
Bingham, taught in Orange, a school for the next five years being con- 
ducted under the name and auspices of the church, but supported finan- 
cially and otherwise the most of the time by Mrs. William Bingham. 
In 1896, Herbert Bingham became Principal of that school, but died in 
the autumn of the same year, after laying the foundation for a most 
successful career. In many ways he resembled his father, in whose foot- 
steps he had already begun to tread. 

In 1897, the church name and control ceasing, Preston Lewis Gray, 
son-in-law of Col. William Bingham, became Principal of the Bingham 
School, which is now being administered by him on the old grounds in 
Orange County, near Mebane, N. C. He is ably assisted by a capable 
Faculty of male teachers, who give their earnest efforts to the attain- 
ment of genuine results. 



Location. 

The Bingham School is very beautifully located iu Orange 
County, three-quarters of a mile from the village of Mebane, 
X. C, and directly on the main line of the Southern Rail- 
way's connection between Xew Orleans, La., and Norfolk, 
Va. It is forty-nine miles west of Raleigh and thirty-two 
miles east of Greensboro. Mebane has four daily mails, four 
daily passenger trains, and a telegraph, telephone, money- 
order, and express office. 

It is also connected by telephone with many of the towns 
and cities of Xorth Carolina and other States. 




BIRD'S-EYE VIEW OF BINGHAM SCHOOL. 



Thus the school is accessible and affords the greatest facil- 
ity of communication between parents and their sons when 
here, and at the same time it is retired, being in the country, 
free from most of the vices, extravagance, distractions from 
study, and temptations which are presented in a town. 

The advantages of the country for the location of a boy's 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 15 

boarding-school are manifest, and the policy of The Bingham 
School has always been to remain there. The first two prin- 
cipals preferred to teach in the country, and Col. William 
Bingham, who chose the present location in 1864, always re- 
fused to remove to a town or city, although handsome induce- 
ments were repeatedly offered him to do so. 



fiealtbf ulncss of Climate. 

The school has an elevation somewhat over six hundred and 
seventy-eight feet above the sea level. The normal winter 
climate is mild and that of the summer pleasant. The loca- 
tion is in the "hill country 1 ' — the "Piedmont Plateau" sec- 
tion of the State. The place is noted for its health fulness, 
delightful climate and good water. Students improve in gen- 
eral health while here, gaining largely in weight and strength, 
and cases of serious sickness have been extremely rare. The 
climate of this section of Xorth Carolina has long been cele- 
brated. Being about midway between the eastern shore and 
the mountains of the western portion of the State, and about 
mid tray between the border States of the North and South, it 
escapes the extremes of cold and heat of those regions. The 
annual mean temperature of this section is 60 degrees Fah- 
renheit. "Middle and eastern Xorth Carolina correspond to 
middle and Southern France." The normal average precipi- 
tation for the Piedmont Plateau region is 49. S5 inches per 
year, which is less than any other section of the State, while 
Chapel Hill, Orange County, shows only 46.11. 



Buildings and Grounds. 

The principal buildings of the school consist of the Dormi- 
tories, the School Building, the Dining Hall and the Gvmna- 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 17 

si inn. The dormitories are in eight sections, with six rooms 
to each section. Three of these sections are on the east side 
and three on the west of a rectangular court, of which the 
main school building forms the north side. This court is 336 
feet long and mere than 104 feet broad, divided by gravel 
walks into plats of smooth green grass, and well shaded by 
poplar and maple trees. A second rectangle is partially com- 
pleted, having two ranges running from east to west, and at 
right angles with the first. Each section of dormitories is 

OXE STORY HIGH AND OXE ROOM DEEP, METAL-ROOFED AXD 
HAVING FIRE-PROOF BRICK WALLS AT EACH EXD (16 feet high 

and 19 feet broad, with brick foundation pillars tiro feet 
above ground. 

The present dormitories above described were carefully 
constructed by Mrs. Wm. Bingham, at great cost, and were ex- 
pressly designed for safety, comfort, health, free ventilation, 
lighting, heating, and freedom from dampness. Thus the 
brick and metal and the plan of buildings make the occur- 
rence of lire in them improbable. Further, since the 
sections are built only tiro feet above ground and the 
door offers an easy exit from each room, any danger to stu- 
dents in case of fire would be almost an impossibility. 

Each room in the seven main sections, is sixteen by sixteen 
feet in dimension, with door opening on the veranda, transom 
above, window opposite, and open fire place, insuring 

ABUNDANT LIGHT, FRESH AIR, AXD COXSEQUEXT HEALTH. We 

believe that there is no cheerier, brighter, nor more healthful 
method of heating known than the open fireplace for wood. 
There are over 850 feet of veranda in front of the dormitories. 
We can hardly imagine a safer or more healthful homo for 
boys than these buildings afford. 

The School Building contains the assembly-room, one soci- 
ety hall, and upstairs a large reading-room. 




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THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 19 

Running parallel to the dormitories is a long building con- 
taining the dining-hall, kitchen and store-rooms. 

Fronting on the lawn, or near it, are dwellings where live 
the Principal, Mrs. William Bingham, Mr. Lindon Chandler, 
and Mr. A. V. Craig. At these homes, the students are made 
welcome. 

The grounds are among the must beautiful and extensive in 
the South, containing more than twenty acres, two-thirds of 
which is covered with lawn grass, and beautifully shaded by 
over rive hundred choice trees, of forty-one varieties and many 
years" growth (some oaks being one hundred years old), in- 
eluding silver and sugar maples, white, post and red oaks, 
hickory, elms, chestnuts, poplars, evergreen-;, and others which 
are indigenous to this locality, as well as many rare species — 
natives of other sections The farm contains five hundred 
acres. 

On the lawn are two good tennis courts, and our large, level 
athletic field is said to be one of the very best in the State. 
It is used for baseball, football, bicycling and track athletics, 
and on its edge stands the Gymnasium. 

This building is well lighted, ventilated and heated, having 
four doors and ten windows, with ventilator in roof and flues 
for artificial heat when necessary. Here each student is 
required to systematically develop his body under the care of 
the Physical Director, and good health is the result. Our 
gymnasium being heated when necessary in the winter, there 
is no suspension of the regular drills in Physical Culture. 

For about nine months of the year there are very good 
roads and woodland paths for bicycling and drives, which are 
much enjoyed. 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 21 

Social and Religious Conditions. 

The community is composed of quiet, law abiding people, 
who have had the advantage of church and school for years. 
There are no barrooms at Mebane and the sale of liquor 

WITHIN TEN MILES IS PROHIBITED BY LAW. The village is 

small and there are few temptations to idleness, extrava- 
gance and other vices. 

All the time the boys are made to feel at home with the 
teachers and at the house of the Principal. The design is to 
cultivate the whole man, physical, mental, social, moral and 
spiritual, and to make ours a "home school'' in every sense. 

The school is non-denominational, but just as distinctly 
a Christian institution, the [Methodist, Baptist, Christian, 
Episcopal, Lutheran, German Baptist Brethren, and Presby- 
terian churches having been represented during the past few 
years in the Faculty. The English Bible is used as a regular 
text-book throughout the course. Chapel exercises are held 
regularly each school day, and consist of singing, reading the 
Scriptures and prayer, with a number of lectures by the Prin- 
cipal. The young Men's Christian Association meet-? each 
week. All students are required to attend church at least 
once each Sunday and at such other times as may be thought 
wise. 

Great dangers threaten the voung man's welfare now as 
never before. Blasting immoralities, such as drunkenness, 
gambling, lewdness, and excessive indulgence in tobacco and 
cigarettes, are poisoning body and mind. Anti-Christian be- 
liefs such as Christian Science, Hypnotism, Spiritualism and 
Theosophy are set on every hand. There are enticing temp- 
tations to accrue wealth, social position and political pre- 
eminence improperly. Yet statistics taken a few years ago 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 23 

show that not all of the school and college young men are get- 
ting God's power to withstand these evils, but that nearly one- 
half of the students attending such institutions come and go 
away unconverted, and nearly three-fifths of the church mem- 
bers and over three-fourths of the total attendance take no ac- 
tive part in the work of the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion. To remedy these grave conditions the students of our 
country must become Christians — and Christians of the very 
highest purpose and purest life. To this end religious meet- 
ings are held designed for the salvation of sinners, the sancti- 
fication of believers and the promotion of Scriptural holiness. 



Discipline. 

A love foe boys is the basis of all successful discipline 
and no man should conduct a school who does not possess it. 
Kindness and courtesy are better governors than force ; and 
trust and confidence, confided, generally win for a Principal 
a host of loyal boy allies in all the school life. Xeedless an- 
tagonisms should be avoided ; and, where possible, it is better 
to lead a boy rather than to drive him. AVhile retaining the 
respect of the students, we esteem them, with few exceptions, 
as companions and friends, younger and with less experience, 
yet capable of being enjoyed associates, having brain, prin- 
ciple, and character. Even a bad boy thus trusted will make 
a great effort to justify the confidence reposed in him. 

We endeavor to make our school a busy and lovable Jtome 
for boys, and it is our belief, founded upon an extensive ex- 
perience in school work among young men, that when all, 
both teachers and students alike, are closely occupied, and 
when a fraternal spirit exists, there is not so great need for 
a code of laws. 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 25 

We proceed, therefore, upon a basis of mutual respect, 
kindness and courtesy ; seek to give all time possible for the 
students to thoroughly master their studies, and yet to pre- 
serve their health and develop the physical man on the ath- 
letic field, in the gymnasium, or in the woods in pursuit of 
healthful pleasure. Avoiding an artificial code of regula- 
tions between teacher and pupil, our aim is to send out practi- 
cal, sensible, earnest, hard-working, Christian men. 

It is our effort to cultivate the pupil's sense of honor, moral 
responsibility and reverence for lav by cultivating a careful 
regard for truth. 

The rules are, we believe, practical. They are not the re- 
sult of experimental theories, but have been written as our 
experience showed their need and wisdom. They are printed 
and each year are read, explained, and distributed so that the 
student is put upon notice of what is required. If he then be 
rude, idle, vicious, or injurious to the worh or moral standard 
of the school, or, if he persist in receiving many demerits, he 
may be publicly expelled, privately dismissed, or suspended. 

Xo boy who drinks, gambles, or is immoral — in a word, no 
boy who does no good, or who does others harm — can remain 
in the school, nor will we allow boys to stay who grumble or 
show a spirit of opposition or disloyalty to the school or 
officers. 




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THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 27 



£be teaching force. 



Prestox Lewis Gray, B. L. 
Principal. 

Preston Lewis Gray, Principal, was born in the Shenandoah Valley, 
Virginia, in 1866, attended the Harrisonburg High School, and was 
Assistant therein when fourteen years of age. From '83 to '87 he was a 
student at Washington and Lee University, Virginia; was President of 
the Graham Lee Society in 'S3; was elected as Society Declaimer in '84, 
and its Orator in ' 8.5; in '87 became Principal of the Beattyville Epis- 
copal School, of Kentucky, where he taught with great success until '89 
when he took for a short time the principalship of Xoble Institute, 
Anniston. Ala. In .June. '90, he took the degree of Bachelor of Laws at 
the Washington and Lee University, Virginia, completing the two-years' 
law course in one. He practiced law at Bristol, Va., for the next seven 
years, in '93 oeing appointed Standing Master in Chancery of the United 
States Circuit Court for the Western District of Virginia, and in '94 
being elected by the people Attorney for the Commonwealth. Thus he 
has enjoyed a successful experience in teaching and law, and a wide ex- 
perience in life. In '93 he married Miss Mary Stuart, only daughter of 
Colonel William Bingham, of North Carolina. In 1897 he became Prin- 
cipal of the Bingham School. 

Since then its efficiency has increased, and its administration has met 
with the continued patronage of the people of Xorth Carolina and other 
States. 



Walter S. Crawford, A. B. 
Laiin, Greek and English. 

Bern in Orange County. X. C. in 1S75. Mr. Crawford wa,s educated at 
Mebane. where he remained two years in school and led his class. He 
also won the Essay Medal and was awarded the Scholarship prize for 
standing first one year in the entire school. 

Later, he entered the State University, from which he was graduated 
with honors. He took an active interest in the Y. M. C. A., the Literary 
Societies, the Shakespeare Club, the Athletic Association and the Press 
Association, and was a member of the Board of Editors of the Tar Heel ; 
he is now Vice-President of his class. 

He also showed a marked degree of scholarship, taking special work 
in English and Latin, holding a special certificate in Mathematics, and 




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THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 29 

studying Pedagogy for two years. He was also prominent in the health- 
ful, physical life of the University, playing tennis and football. 

Then, for two years. Mr. Crawford was Principal of the Elkin Acad- 
emy. Elkin, X. C. where he gave great satisfaction. He began teaching 
at Bingham, the session of 1902-'03. and has been re-engaged for the 
sessions of 1903-'04, 1904-'05 and 19O5-'O0, because we have found him 
a wise, deliberative and popular teacher — kind and ever ready to help. 



Frederick Powell Ross. 
Mathematics and Science. 

Mr. Ross was born at Concord, N. C, and received his preliminary 
instruction in the schools of Cabarrus County. He afterwards attended 
the Clifton Military Academy of Virginia. At Bingham, Mr. Ross took 
the Scientific Course the first year and received distinctions on all of 
his studies. He graduated with distinction in June, 1902, having 
received one of the highest averages in scholarship attained by any one 
for years. He was awarded the University of North Carolina Scholar- 
ship, the first honor of the school. 

During his course Mr. Ross was President of the Y. M. C. A. for a 
year, Vice-President and President of his Literary Society, Secretary 
and Treasurer of the Athletic Association and Secretary of the Senior 
Class. He is popular with all who know him. In the summer of 1902 
Mr. Ross attended the Summer Scliool of the State University, taking- 
courses in Mathematics, Science and Pedagogy, and in the autumn be- 
came teacher of the first named studies at Bingham, where lie met with 
much success. He has taught here during the sessions of 1902-'03, 
1903-'0L and 1904-U3, and has been engaged for 1905'06. 



Joseph Scott Clay, B. Accts. 
The Commercial Course. 
Mr. Clay was born and reared in Kentucky, receiving his early educa- 
tion at the Mayslick Graded School, where he finished the course. After 
this he was a student in the Kentucky University, finishing the Sopho- 
more year in the Scientific Course. He then entered the Lexington 
Business College, of Kentucky, where he graduated with distinction, and 
was given the position of teacher of Shorthand and Telegraphy. There 
he gave entire satisfaction. For two summers, 1900 and 1901, Mr. Clay 
attended the Zanerian Art College of Ohio, making a specialty of 
Penmanship. During the summer of 1902 he attended the Law School 
of the University of Xorth Carolina. He is a graduate of Mahaska 



30 THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 

Business College, Iowa, from which institution he has received the 
degree of Bachelor of Accounts. 

Mr. Clay is also talented along physical lines, knowing the games of 
football, baseball, and tennis, and having won the quarter-mile dash at 
Kentucky University in fifty-two and one- fifth seconds. He is a member 
of the Christian Church, of the Young Men's Christian Association, and 
of the Christian Endeavor Society. He is also Superintendent of the 
Sunday-school of the Mebane Church, and President of the Sunday- 
school Convention of Melville and Haw River townships. In our school 
he has proved himself in the past io be an able and successful teacher, 
a popular man and a Christian, he has taught at Bingham the sessions 
of 1898-'99, 1899-'O0, 1900-'01, 1901-'02, 1902-'03, 1903-'04, and 1904-'05. 
The school year. 1905-'06, will be his eighth term as teacher in the 
institution. 



Charles Edward Redman. 
Department of Music. 

Mr. Redman was born in Surry county. X. C, in 1878. He received 
his early education and training in the schools of Pilot Mountain, then 
a branch of Trinity College. 

Very early in life he began to show remaikable talent for music; 
but, not having the opportunity of studying under a teacher, he was 
compelled to rely upon his own efforts. These were not in vain. At 
the age of twenty he was appointed Director of the Oak Ridge, N". C, 
Band. In the spring of 1901 he held the same position with the Elkin 
Band, one of the best in the State, and was also assistant in the "Elkin 
Academy." Since then he has been with the bands of Durham, Pilot 
Mountain and High Point. 

In order to become more proficient in vocal and instrumental music, 
he entered the Shenandoah Collegiate Institute and School of Music 
of Dayton, Virginia, in January, 1903. Here he played in the band and 
orchestra, and also took active interest in literary society work, being 
elected to preside during the society anniversary exercises, which were 
held during Commencement week. 

In every kind of athletics he has always taken a prominent part. In 
the Field-Day contest of 1903, he was one of the two who stood first. 
In baseball he shows marked efficiency and this brings him into close 
touch with the boys. 

During the session of 1904-'0o, he met with much success in his 
department and, besides individual teaching, developed a student Cornet 
Band whose music was enjoyed and admired. 



the bingham school. 31 

William Pabkekson LeGrand. 
Physical Director, History, and Gymnasium. 

Mr. LeGrand was born at Rustburg, Campbell county, Ya., and at- 
tended the public schools of Lynchburg for four years. 

He then attended Locust Dale Academy, where he remained two more 
years. Entering the Bingham School during the se>sion of 189S-1899, 
he returned again for part or all of the f-es.sions of lS99-'00, 19U0-'01, 
1901-"02. 1902-'03, 1903-'04, and 1904-'05. He was given the diploma of 
graduation in the Scientific Course in 1902. and afterwards gave instruc- 
tion satisfactorily in several classes. In 1904-'05, he taught History 
and met with decided success in his work. He is a very good discip- 
linarian and has been attentive to the duties confided to his charge. 

For a number of years Mr. LeGrand has been much interested in and 
prominently identified with athletics. He is a good football player and 
has a reputation in several States on account of his superlative excel- 
lence in baseball. 



32 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 




^/L/' 



AJ^It 





ACTUAL WORK OF BINGHAM SCHOOL PEN ARTIST— '98-' 99, 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 33 

mode and Courses of Instruction. 

We have known young men who had been taught Latin and 
Greek, yet could neither read, write nor spell well. A poor 
system surely that produces such a result ! The student 
should be given those studies which require work, best develop 
the mind, and are at the same time practical. Let a boy learn 
the habit of working and thinking while his character is 
forming at the academy, and the practice will be found in- 
valuable. Education is a development of the mind, and 
should make it an efficient instrument for use in life. It is 
not a stuffing of tlie brain with facts and figures. 

The Languages and Mathematics are great mind-trainers, 
and we have not abandoned the time-honored course in the 
Classics. Some young men, however, prefer to apply them- 
selves continuously to those special studies and arts which 
may be immediately utilized in the business world, and for 
these we offer a thorough Commercial Course. 

Courses of Study Leading to Graduation. 

There are three courses, the student completing any one of 
them receiving The School Diploma. They are: (1) The 
Classical; (2) The Scientific, and (3) The Commercial. 
Each includes English, Mathematics, Bible, Penmanship and 
Physical Culture. 

Every student must complete the Senior Year in the Classi- 
cal and Scientific courses in all studies,, belonging to these 
courses, in order to graduate ; and, in the Commercial courses, 
must, unless excused, pursue the studies of Bible, English 
and Mathematics, even though, graded higher than Junior. 
All students will be enrolled in the Bible course, each year of 
attendance at Bingham. The deportment grade of those who 
would take a diploma, certificate, scholarship, prize or medal, 



34 THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 

must also be not less than seventy-live per cent., their sessional 
average on all studies not less than eighty-five per cent., their 
grade on examination at least sixty, and their accounts paid 
in full. 

Handsome Diplomas will be awarded to those completing 
satisfactorily the work in any course, and attractive Certifi- 
cates of Proficiency will be conferred upon those who are 
successful in any class, Freshman, Sophomore, Junior or 
Senior, for the entire school year. The curriculum embraces 
(1) Bible, (2) Physical Culture, (3) Penmanship, (4) Eng- 
lish, (5) Mathematics, (6) Science, (7) History and Civil 
Government, (8) Latin, (9) Greek, (10) Stenography, (11) 
Typewriting, (12) Bookkeeping, (13) Commercial Law, and 
(14) Telegraphy. Music is not included, and reference is 
made to page 64 for the rates thereon. 

the Classical Course. 

The requirements for graduation in this course are as fol- 
lows, figures in curves denoting the number of recitations 
each week : 

Fresliman Year. — Bible (2), Physical Culture (5), Pen- 
manship (5), English, including Grammar, Spelling and 
Reading (9), Mathematics (5), Science (4), History (5). 

Sophomore Year — Bible (2), Physical Culture (5), Pen- 
manship (5), English, including Grammar, Reading and 
Spelling (8), Mathematics (5), Latin (4), History (4). 

Junior Year. — Bible (2), Physical Culture (5), Penman- 
ship (5), English, including Grammar, Rhetoric, Spelling, 
Expression and Literature (5), Mathematics (5), Latin (3), 
Greek (4), History (4). 

Senior Year. — Bible (2), Physical Culture (5), Penman- 
ship (5), English (5), Mathematics (5), Latin (3), Greek 
(3), History (3). 

The requirements for graduation are as follov.-s in 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 35 

the Scientific Course. 

Freshman Year. — Bible (2) ; Physical Culture (5), Pen- 
manship (.*>), English, including Grammar, Spelling and 
Reading (9), Mathematics (5), Science (4), History (5). 

Sophomore Year. — Bible (2), Physical Culture (5), Pen- 
manship (5), English, including Grammar, Spelling and 
Reading (8), Mathematics (5), Science (3), History (4), 
Latin (4). 

Junior Year. — Bible (2), Physical Culture (5), Penman- 
ship (5), English, including Grammar, Rhetoric, Spelling, 
Expression and Literature (5), Mathematics (5), Science 
(3), History (4), and Latin (3) or Shorthand (5) or Book- 
keeping ( 5 ) . 

Senior Year. — Bible (2), Physical Culture (5), Penman- 
ship (5), English (5), Mathematics (5), Science (3), His- 
tory (3) and Latin (3) or Shorthand (5) or Bookkeeping 
(5). 

the Commercial Courses. 

In this Department, three diplomas are offered, varying 1 as 
the student emphasizes: (1) Shorthand, (2) Bookkeeping, 
or (3) Telegraphy. 

(T) Commercial-Shorthand Course. 

To obtain a diploma in this course, the student must com- 
plete the following studies, viz. : Junior Bible ( 2 ) , Physical 
Culture (5), Penmanship (5), Junior English, which in- 
cludes Grammar, Rhetoric, Spelling, Expression and Litera- 
ture (5), Sophomore Mathematics (Higher Arithmetic) (5), 
Shorthand (5), Typewriting (5), and Commercial Law (1). 
The graduate's speed must be one hundred and twenty-fire 
words per minute in talcing dictation, thirty-fire words per 
minute in transcribing, and his work neat and correct. 

Students must take Bible, English and Mathematics when 
graded higher than the above requirements. 




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38 THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 

(TT) Commercial-Bookkeeping Course. 

The requirements in this course are the same as above, ex- 
cept that Bookkeeping is substituted as the primary study in- 
stead of Shorthand and Typewriting. The applicant must 
pass all Bookkeeping examinations satisfactorily and be 
deemed worthy to fill a position in the Commercial world with 
credit. 

(TTT) Commercial-telegraphy Course. 

In this course, Telegraphy is substituted for Shorthand or 
Bookkeeping, the other studies of the course being the same 
as well as the degree of merit required for graduation. 

(T) Bible. 

Bible study is essential to the best work in every depart- 
ment of school life, physical, mental and spiritual. It de- 
clares the body to be "the temple of the Holy Ghost" ; hence 
not to be defiled by immoralities, but rather to be cultured 
carefully. The oldest of histories and a classic in literature, 
it has moulded the lives of thousands of the grandest men and 
women of past ages. "If we cannot afford to exclude the biog- 
raphy of Washington from our curriculum, should we omit 
the teaching of the life of Jesus V It is a digest of the high- 
est moral laws, invaluable as a standard of right for the stu- 
dent whose mind and heart are thus unconsciously instilled 
with the teachings of a book which the wisest and best in all 
past time have declared to be the voice of God. Spiritually 
it is of priceless value to millions. Therefore, no system of 
education is complete which does not include the study of 
God's revelation of himself in his inspired word. 

For seven years, the Moody Bible Institute of Chicago has 
used the "Chapter Summary" method of Bible study with 
great success, and we follow its plan. The "Principal Sub- 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 39 

jocf," "Leading Lesson," "Best Verse 1 ' and "Prominent Per- 
sons'' in each chapter of a book in the Bible are carefully de- 
termined by the student, neatly written in a book and handed 
in for correction. The lives of these persons may then be 
studied if desired. Bible verses are learned, contests in find- 
ing quickly facts and verses are had and parable reading is 
done. This plan is thoroughly satisfactory. 

We believe in Regeneration and Sanctification by faith — 
in the Baptism with the Holy Ghost as an instantaneous work 
of grace, giving heart purity, peace and power in the Chris- 
tian life. These and other Bible truths are included in the 
course. 

All students must have a "Teacher's" Bible, Revised Ver- 
sion : this may be obtained at the school. 

Text-Books. 

Freshman Year: "Story of the Bible" (Foster) ; Memorizing Verses; 
Contests in Finding Books and Facts in the Bible ; Bible Study Union 
(Blakeslee) Lessons. Revised Version of the Bible with teacher's helps. 

Sophomore Year: "Story of the Bible" (Foster); Verses; Contests; 
Chapter Summary Study (Moody Bible Institute Method) on some book 
in the Bible; Parallel Reading; Revised Version of the Bible with 
Teacher's Helps. 

Junior Year: Chapter Summary Study en a selected book of the 
Bible; Verses; Contests; Parallel Reading in Old Testament and Help- 
ful Stories ; Revised Version of the Bible with Teacher's Helps. 

Senior Year: Chapter Summary Study on a Bible book; Verses; Con- 
tests; Parallel Reading in Old Testament and Stories; "Our Bible — 
Where Did We Get It ?" Revised version of the Bible with Teacher's 
Helps. 

(2) Physical Culture. 

Human opinion and effort is often apt to go to extremes. 
Formerly our schools turned out many bloodless, dyspeptic 
bookworms, pale and weakly, to drag through life or succumb 
too early to disease. Xow the opposite extreme threatens, 
and it sometimes seems as though the hero of Commencement 
nowadays is often the star football player ! 




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THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 



41 



These wide limits we avoid and steer midway between. Our 
course is systematic and regular, daily classes being held in 
the gymnasium. The Physical Director gives each student a 
thorough examination at the beginning of the session and 
makes out for each his anthropometric chart. Again, at the 
close of the school year, the boy is measured and a new line 
^^^^ drawn on chart, showing his gain 

in every respect. No student 
should attempt heavy work or 
violent exercises without his con- 
sent. ISTone overstrain, and all 
are light, brisk and ever change- 
able — designed to please, relax 
and brighten the mind, and make 
the boys free, light and graceful 
in their action. 

Baseball, Tennis, Football, 
Hockey, Bicycling and other re- 
W. P. LkGEAND, creations are enjoyed at the proper 

Physical Director and History, time and season, and an interest- 
ing track athletic contest is held every Commencement. 

The effects of this system of regular exercise have been ex- 
ceedingly beneficial both to the health and morals of the stu- 
dents. The average increase in weight the session of 
1902-'03 was thirteen pounds; the average increase in chest 
expansion was one and three-fourths inches ; in size of arm, 
one and one-half inches, and in height nearly two inches. 
Hence everv graduate must take Phvsical Culture. 

(3) Penmanship. 

Why do hundreds of our boys write such cramped, crooked, 
crotchety hands '. Unskilled instruction, exclusive use of 
"copybooks,"' and insufficient time allowed for the work, ex- 




THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 43 

plain the wretched result so often found. Formerly we tried 
to teach the line and useful art of penmanship from "copy- 
books" alone, but failed. Then we saw that the life, spirit, 
ambition, earnestness and enthusiasm of a genuine penman 
was needed — a man making a specialty of the art. For the 
qualifications of our skilled penman, reference is made to the 
sketch of Prof. Joseph Scott Clay. Enthusiasm is aroused 
and maintained by interesting lectures on the origin and his- 
tory of the art, by thought and practice in class and in rooms, 
and by the delivery of a medal and prize for improvement. 

4 English. 

The students are frequently exercised in preparing bio- 
graphical, critical and expository theses, abstracts and para- 
phrases. Constant reference is made to the grammatical and 
rhetorical studies of the previous years, and attention is paid 
to the philosophy of rhetoric and literary criticism. 

The course comprises : first, such elementary studies and 
exercises as will enable the student to read, write and spell 
correctly, fluently and intelligently ; second, a study of the 
principles of Grammar, Composition, and Ehetoric, and the 
practical application of these principles in writing; and, 
third, such a course of reading in English and American 
Literature, and such a critical study of masterpieces, as will 
give the student a good knowledge of the history of our litera- 
ture, develop within him a taste for pure reading, and teach 
him correct principles of criticism. 

The text-books are : 

Freshman Year: "Graded Lessons in English" (Reed & Kellogg) ; 
Reading (Cyr's Fourth Reader, Robinson Crusoe, Golden Fleece) ; Spell- 
ing (Harrington) ; Dictation. One period a week is spent in composi- 
tion work on class. 

Sophomore Year: "A Modern English Grammar" (Buehler); Spell- 
ing (Swinton's Word Book); Reading (Baldwin's Fifth Reader, and 




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THE BINGMAM SCHOOL. 45 

Classics, John Gilpin's Ride, One Hoss Shay, Hiawatha, Tales from 
Shakespeare and Enoch Arden) ; Weekly Themes. 

Junior Year: "Our Language," Grammar (Smhn); Spelling (Swin- 
ton's Word Book) ; Lectures on Rhetoric; Exercises in Dictation; Ex- 
pression; Reading (Vicar of Wakefield, The Deserted Village, Evange- 
line, The Great Stone Face, Baldwin's Sixth Reader, and others) ; 
Weekly Themes. 

Senior Year: Rapid Review of Grammar; "Seventy Lessons in Spell- 
ing" (Williams and Rodgers) ; "Composition and Rhetoric" (Lockwood 
and Emmerscn) ; "History of English Literature" (Halleck) ; Read- 
ing (Rip Van Winkle. Last of the Mohicans, Bryant's Poems, Emerson's 
Essay on Behavior and the American Scholar, The Scarlet Letter, 
Lowell's Vision of Sir Launfal, Poe's Tales, Milton's Comus, Merchant 
of Venice, Ivanhoe, Lady of the Lake, Pope's Iliad, Books 1, 6, 22, and 
24, Burke's Speech on Conciliation with America, Webster's Bunker Hill 
Oration and others required for college entrance). An earnest attempt 
is made to apply Scott and Denney's method of paragraph study to the 
above prose selections. 

(5) mathematics. 

This study is one of the most important in the curriculum. 
In teaching it, our aim is so to train the student that he may 
acquire exact and logical habits of reasoning. Throughout 
the course, careful and thorough work is insisted upon. Writ- 
ten work is a special feature. In algebra quick and accurate 
work is required. The value of geometry as a logical train- 
ing is enhanced by the use of a large number of exercises for 
demonstration bv the student. Prof. Ross maintains a high 
standard and insists upon the students reaching it if they 
would obtain certificates or diplomas. The course is as 
follows : 

Freshman Year: "Arithmetic by Grades," Books IV. and \ . (Prince).. 

Sophomore Year: "Grammar School Arithmetic" (Wentworth) 

Junior Year: "Elements of Algebra" (Wentworth). The class goes 
to Quadratics. 

Senior Year: "Elements of Algebra" (completed); Plane Geometr}" 
( Wentworth ) . 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 47 

(6) Science. 

An educated man should have a fair knowledge, at least, of 
the laws and phenomena of the physical world and of his own 
being, as treated in such studies as Geography, Botany, Phys- 
ics, Physiology, etc. Moreover, the study of Science is be- 
coming more and more necessary as a preparation for entering 
college, and a knowledge of its fundamental laws more and 
more desirable in business life. Professor Ross illustrates 
his course in Science by elementary experimental work, and 
simple but interesting experiments performed. The course 
is as follows : 

Freshman Year: "Grammar School Geography" (Frye). 

Sophomore Year: "First Steps in Scientific Knowledge" (Bert); 
"Botany all the Year Round" (Andrews). 

■Junior Year: Physiology, "Essentials of Health" (Stowell); "Ele- 
ments of Astronomy" (Newcomb). 

Senior Year: "Elementary Physics" (Miller and Foerste), 

(7) fiistory. 

History, as the record of human achievements, is one of 
the most stimulating of subjects. It is our aim to teach not 
a mere catalogue of disconnected events, but to illustrate the 
growth and development of the great facts and principles of 
our modern life. Civil government also has an important 
place in the course. 

The text-books in this as in all other courses are most care- 
fully selected. 

Freshman Year: "First Steps in the History of our Country" 
(Mowry) ; Civil Government. "The Young American" (Judson) ; "First 
Steps in North Carolina History" (Mrs. Spencer). 

Sophomore Year: "History of the United States" (Fiske); "Civil 
Government" ( Fiske ) . 

Junior Year: "History of England" (Earned). 

Senior Year: "General History of the World, Ancient. Mediaeval and 
Modern" ( Myers ) . 




> 

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PL, 



50 THE BldSTGHAM SCHOOL. 

($) Eatin. 

The study of the Latin language is a good mental training. 
It acquaints the student with the meaning and derivation of 
English words, and its history and literature are bound up 
with the greatest events of the world's history. Composition 
work is emphasized in both Latin and Greek throughout the 
school year. 

Teaching as we do on the spot where William Bingham 
taught all the day and toiled half the night in writing his 
Latin Series, and remembering that he gave his life to the 
cause of higher education, we seek to do no dishonor to this 
name by lowering his standard of excellence. 

The course is as follows : 

Sophomore Year: "Coy's Latin Lessons;" "Bingham's Latin Gram- 
mar;" "Viri Roma 3 ." 

Junior Year: "Coy's Latin Lessons;" "Bingham's Caesar; Reading 
at Sight. 

Senior Year: "Virgil;" "Cicero;" Composition; Reading at Sight. 

(9) GrceK. 

The fact that the Greek language is the most perfect me- 
dium of expression, and that in it are embodied the most 
profound thoughts of philosophy, and the most beautiful 
ideals of poetry, makes it an element in a complete education. 
The prominence given to it in the interpretation of the Xew 
Testament has also and will always have weight. 

In both Greek and Latin, as far as is practical, during the 
first year's course, in addition to composition work and the 
mastering of inflection and vocabulary, an effort is made to 
apply the inductive method by weaving into the course the 
story of Viri Romse in Latin, and easy selections from Xcno- 
phon in Greek. 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 51 

Throughout the whole course in the classics, much stress is 
laid on sight-reading and composition work based on text- 
reading. 

Junior Year: "White's First Greek Book;" "Xenopohon's Anabasis" 
(one book) ; Reading at Sight; Lectures on Greek History from Oman's 
History of Greece. 

Senior Year: "Xenophon's Anabasis" (four books); Greek Composi- 
tion; "Homer's Iliad" (first book) ; Reading at Sight. 

(io) Stenography. 

We regard an accurate knowledge of shorthand as indispen- 
sable to a first-class business course. In this day of rush, busi- 
ness men find that they cannot afford to write slowly; hence 
the ever-increasing demand for first-class stenographers. The 
Principal has had an extensive experience with shorthand 
writers, and for this reason, he is well prepared to select the 
best. 

The "Benn Pitman," which is one of the leading systems 
of the country, is taught. 

Where faithful and capable stenographers are desired, we 
will endeavor to supply them promptly from our graduates. 

(n) typewriting. 

"The writing machine, economizing time and labor, has be- 
come a fixed necessity." There is always an opening some- 
where in the various lines of business for a competent oper- 
ator on a good machine. Several of the leading makes are in 
use at Bingham. 

The "Touch System" is taught by daily drills from copies 
and from dictation. The student is taught how to manipu- 
late the machine with rapidity and accuracy and how to keep 
the same in ffood condition. 




o 

o 

O 
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THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 53 

(12) Bookkeeping. 

It has been our experience that, even where students be- 
come professional men, a knowledge of bookkeeping is very 
valuable, while for those who adopt other lines of business it 
is a necessity. 

The text-book is "Isew Complete Bookkeeping," a quarter 
of a million of which have been sold — a standard work, used 
in the best institutions of the United States. 

The subjects of Rapid Calculation, Business Ethics, Single 
and Double Entry Bookkeeping, Drafts, Banking and Bank 
Accounts, Retail Grocery Business, Retail Coal Business, 
Wholesale and Retail Lumber Business, Shipping and Com- 
mission, Jobbing, Manufacturing, Joint Stock Companies, 
Business Practice, and Forms and "Sets" applicable to any 
branch of business are taught. 

(II) Commercial Caw. 

White's Business Law is the text-book used, and the sub- 
jects taught are Contracts, Agency, Partnership, Sale of 
Goods, Commercial Paper, etc. In this course the students 
have the privilege of referring to the Principal, who is a 
Bachelor of Law of Washington and Lee University, and who 
for seven years was engaged in its practice. 

(14) telegraphy. 

In this department we endeavor to make the course prac- 
tical. The students are taught Commercial Messages, Rail- 
road Forms, Train Orders, and the Construction of Batteries, 
Instruments and Switchboards. It is sought to acquaint them 
with the work that they will be expected to do upon entering 
an office. With proper application, efficiency may be acquired 
in one session. 




« 
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W 
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THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 55 

music. 

Of the liberal arts, music is one of the most inspiring'. It 
is softening and refining in its influences, and its teaching 
imparts an accomplishment always helpful, valuable and in- 
teresting to the students. 

Professor Redman teaches wind and stringed instruments 
and vocal music. A sketch of his life will be found on an- 
other page of the catalogue. His department at Bingham has 
been popular and successful. 

Music is not included in the curriculum. The rates for 
instruction are referred to under the head of "Expenses." 



Cibrary facilities and Reading room. 

The members of the Literary Societies conduct a Reading- 
room, where secular and religious periodicals and weekly 
and daily papers, together with illustrated magazines, are 
filed. Among those which are received may be mentioned : 
Munsey's Magazine, McClure's, Judge, Tar Heel, Practical 
Age, Harper's Weekly, Leslie's Weekly, Cosmopolitan, Out- 
ing. Christian Observer. The Pentecostal Herald, The Mis- 
sionary, Puck's Library, Review of Reviews, Physical Cul- 
ture, Youth, China's Millions, Scribner's Magazine, The 
Youth's Companion and others. 

The Principal's library and those of the teachers are ac- 
cessible to the students. 

Societies and Associations. 

There are two literary societies, the Kalisthenic and 
Polemic. Each elects annually two Orators, two Deelaimers 
and two Debaters to contest for gold medals given by the 
Principal, the contest taking place during the closing exer- 



56 THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 

cises of the school. These Societies meet on Saturday night 
and engage in debating, declaiming, reading of essays, selec- 
tions, and other exercises. Like athletics, the societies are 
encouraged by the Faculty, and scarcely any other feature of 
the school life is more important. Those who work hard in 
them are always rewarded in after life. At Commencement 
the Societies have an annual literary contest which creates 
much interest and enthusiasm. 

Besides the Literary Societies, we have the Young Men's 
Christian Association, the Baseball teams, Tennis Club, Foot- 
ball and Track teams, the Glee Club, and the Athletic Asso- 
ciation. 

Prizes, medals and Scholarships. 

These handsome rewards, given by the Principal, are as 
follows, viz. : 

Prizes. 

(I.) The Bible Prize. This is awarded to the student 
whose daily grades, combined with his examinations, are the 
highest in the Bible Course. 

(II.) The Penmanship Prize, given to the student stand- 
ing second as to improvement in Penmanship. 

(III.) The Commercial Prize is given to that graduate in 
the Commercial Course who receives the highest grade on his 
studies. 

(IV.) The Prize in Science. This reward is given to that 
student who submits the best paper on a subject proposed by 
the Teacher of Science. 

(V.) The Prize in History and Civil Government, is 
given for the greatest excellence shown in any class of the 
History Course. 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 57 

medals. 

(I.) The Orator's Medal. This medal is given to the 
student delivering the best oration in the annual contest at 
Commencement. 

(II.) The Debater's Medal is delivered at Commence- 
ment to the student making the best speech in the annual In- 
ter-Society Debate. 

(III.) The Declaimer's Medal is obtained each session by 
the boy who has the best declamation. Like all medals, it is 
of intrinsic value and beautiful design. 

(IV.) The Mary Peyton Gray Essay Medal. This hand- 
some reward, named in honor of the Principal's mother, is 
open to every member of the school, belonging to either of 
the societies, and is given as an incentive to good work in 
English composition. 

( V. ) The Latin Medal. The valuable and beautiful re- 
ward here given is delivered to the student who attains the 
greatest excellence and success in the pursuit of this classic 
study. 

(VI. ) The Mathematics Medal. The same course is pur- 
sued in the award of this handsome prize in the department 
named. 

(VII.) The English Medal is given in the same manner 
as the two above named. 

(VIII.) The Penmanship Medal. The student who is 
found to have made the greatest improvement during the 
school year receives the medal in Penmanship. 

(IX.) The Athletic Medal, designed to encourage phy- 
sical development. During Commencement, on Field Day, a 
number of healthful exercises engage the attention of the boys. 
The judges award the medal to the boy who is found to excel 
in a majority of the events. 




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60 THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 

Scholarships. 

The Scholarships, intended as an incentive to diligent ap- 
plication and good behavior, are as follows, viz. : 

(I.) The University Scholarship, conferred each ses- 
sion by the University of North Carolina upon that graduate 
of The Bingham School, who, in the Senior year, attains the 
highest grade in his studies. It is worth $60 in tuition. 

(II.) The Washington and Lee University Scholarship, 
conferred by the Washington and Lee University, Virginia, 
upon one of the students of the graduating class who attains 
the highest grade in all of his studies. It is worth $50. 

(III.) The University of Tennessee Scholarship, given 
by the above institution to one of the first graduates of Bing- 
ham School. It is worth $65 in fees, etc. 

(IV.) The Herbert Bingham Scholarship, given by Mrs. 
Preston Lewis Gray as a tribute to the memory of her brother, 
Herbert Bingham. That student receives it who, during the 
first three years of his course, attains the highest grade in 
scholarship in the school. It consists of free tuition and room 
rent at the school for the fourth year of his attendance. 

(V.) The Alumni Scholarships. Any five old students 
in any county of North Carolina who have ever attended 
Bingham School, in Orange County, may organize a Local 
Alumni Association and elect each year a student to receive 
the Alumni Scholarship. It entitles the recipient to a credit 
of one-half of tuition. These students must be moral, stu- 
dious young men who have not attended the school before. 

(VI.) The Tulane University Scholarship, conferred by 
the Tulane University of Louisiana, upon a leading graduate 
of Bino'ham. 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 61 



Ulby a Safe Boarding School is Best for Boys. 

First of all, it should be safe. At the Bingham School of 
Orange, nearly all of the students live in the dormitories 
with the teachers and are under their supervision and con- 
trol day and night. The Principal's home is near by on the 
lawn, in full view of the boys' rooms. There are few of- 
fences more serious than absence at night and none of rarer 
occurrence. 

Those who do not board in school, live in quiet country 
homes in the neighborhood, where they are under all relevant 
rules of the school touching good deportment and application. 
And so we think the location in the country — the distance 
from bar-rooms and other evil places — the wise rules for 
government — the constant contact with and companionship of 
the teachers in intimate social relations — the fine health rec- 
ord and the Bible course — all tend to make the boys better 
and the school safe. 

At home the son may be shielded and helped by the fond 
tenderness of parents, and led to depend upon others and dis- 
trust himself; while the inexhaustible supply of excuses for 
non-performance of duty may lead to the formation of habits 
of carelessness and irresponsibility which may never be cor- 
rected. At a boarding-school, on the other hand, the stu- 
dent is made to feel that he has "no supports behind him." 
He must make his own place, and by his own efforts he stands 
or falls. The contact with other boys rubs off the rough 
edges, smoothes away the peculiarities of character and 
teaches habits of forbearance and courtesy. 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 63 

Boarding Department 

An abimdauee of good food finds its way into the large, 
roomy kitchen, which has been presided over by "Uncle 
John Pack" as head cook for the last thirty-six years. After 
being well cooked, it is served to the boys and teachers in 
the Dining-Hall. This room — a large, well lighted and ven- 
tilated apartment — looks out, towards the west, upon a pretty 
green grass plot, towards the south on the lawn, and towards 
the east on the rose garden. Here the teachers fare and share 
alike with the boys. The whole department is under the 
efficient care and management of Mr. A. V. Craig, a com- 
petent, conscientious Christian gentleman. Mr. Craig has 
won the respect and warm friendship of all the students, and 
his influence over the boys is most salutary. 

expenses of the School 

i. 

Tn the Dormitories. 

The expenses of the entire school year are divided, for the 
convenience of patrons, into four payments of $59 each, pay- 
able in advance, the first being due when the student enters 
school. 

Discount of 10 Per Cent. — To those whose payments reach 
us promptly on or before the first day of each quarter, we will 
make a discount of 10 per cent, from the above price. This 
reduces the quarterly payment to $53.10. In order to obtain 
this discount, payments must reach us on or before September 
1st, Xovember 3d, January 12th, and March 16th. 

These payments cover board in the school dining-room, 
room-rent, use of gymnasium apparatus, typewriters, etc, 
incidental fee and tuition (there being no extra charge for 
Stenography , Typewriting, Latin, Greek, or any other study 
taught in the curriculum). 



61 THE BLNGIJAM SCHOOL. 

Music is not included in the curriculum, and those taking- 
lessons pay a fee of $3 per month for private, individual in- 
struction, $2.00 per month for band music, and $2.00 per 
month for the vocal class. 

The cost of fuel and lights varies, depending upon the 
weather and the saving habits of the student. A deposit of 
$10 is required upon entrance, to be applied to these items. 
Balances due patrons on deposits for fuel, etc., will be re- 
funded in the summer after the books are closed up. 
Books and stationery may be bought for cash at the school. 
Washing costs one dollar per month, and each school diploma, 
to graduates, two dollars. 

Each room is furnished with bedstead, mattresses, table 
and stand for water-bucket, etc. Such articles as are needed 
to complete its furnishings can be bought at Mebane at very 
small cost to the two occupants of a room, estimated to be 
$2.67 each the first year. The articles are then the student's 
property, and may be sold when he completes his course. 

Each student should bring a pair of sheets (for double 
bed) ; a pillow, with a pair of pillow-cases ; a pair of warm 
blankets ; a comfort ; a colored spread ; a half dozen towels, 
a half-dozen table napkins, and one cheap napkin ring. The 
above articles should be marked with the student's name. 

II. 
Room in the Dormitories, but tabic Board at mr. Chandler's. 

On permission of the Principal, students may take their 
meals at Mr. Chandler's on the lawn, and room in the dormi- 
tories. This permission will be given to those students only 
who cannot afford to board in the school dining-room. The 
price of table board here is $8 per month of four weeks, 
or $18 per quarter, payable in advance. This should be paid 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 05 

to Mr. ('handler and not through the Principal. Tuition, in- 
cidental fee and room-rent should be sent to the Principal in 
four payments of $29.16 each. 

Discount of 10 Per Cent. — To those whose payments are 
made promptly, on or before September 1st, November 3d, 
January 12th, and March 16th, a discount of ten per cent, 
is allowed on the $29.16, which reduces the amount each quar- 
ter to $26.25. Thus, boarding at Mr. Chandler's, the net cost 
of table board, room-rent (in the dormitories), incidental fee 
and tuition, is $11.25 per quarter of the school year. 

III. 
Room in the Dormitories, but table Board at the messing Club 

A well-conducted Messing Club, composed of quiet and 
orderly young men, is carried on a few hundred yards from 
the school buildings. The students, who, with the permis- 
sion of the Principal, take their meals in this club may 
room in the Dormitories at the. regular rates. The cost of 
board here is about $5 per month, and board, room-rent 
(in the dormitories), incidental fee and tuition is aboul 
$37.50 per quarter. 

IV. 

Room and Board in tbe neighborhood. 

In the neighborhood, but more distant from the buildings, 
there are homes where students, having permission and un- 
able to board in the Dormitories, may stay. 

In these homes, board, fuel, lights and furnished room are 
$10 per school month of four weeks; and board, furnished 
room, incidental fee, fuel, lights and tuition are $10.50 per 
quarter, if paid in advance. 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 67 

Important miscellaneous Remarks. 

Form of Pledge Required. — Every student, upon entering, 
will be required to subscribe to the following pledge, namely : 
"I hereby promise and certify that as long as I am a student 
at the Bingham School, I will report to the Principal fully 
and truthfully any damage done by myself to the school 
property, and I will not drink any intoxicating beverage, nor 
gamble, nor be guilty of lewdness, nor have in my possession 
or under my control, directly or indirectly, any firearms or 
dangerous weapons, without the permission of the Principal." 

Duration of School Year. — The next session begins Sep- 
tember 1st, 1905, and ends May 17th, 1906, with one week 
of vacation at Christmas. 

We do not give this intermission from choice, but in obedi- 
ence to a general custom and for the sake of parents and stu- 
dents. The suspension is a damage to us in interrupted 
work, etc., and our expense largely continues. The school ex- 
penses, pages 63 and 61 and 65 do not include this vacation, 
and board will be charged those who remain. 

Late Entrance, Early Withdrawal and Absences. — These 
always give us much trouble and inconvenience when they 
occur: hence, no deduction is made for any absence during 
the school year nor for late entrance (up to September 19th), 
nor early withdrawal (after May 1st), except in case of se- 
rious sickness or other such necessity satisfactory to us. 

Time to Enter. — -Xew students are received any day of 
the school year, but September 1st and January 1st are the 
best times for entrance. 

Advances, Loans and Pocket Money. — We should be 
glad to accommodate your son with loans and cash advances; 
.but, if we did, we should be compelled to lend to all the 



6S THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 

school, and this we cannot afford. We have lost much time 
and monev by it. Therefore, ire cannot do so in any case, 
and parents are requested to wire their sons money when ur- 
gently needed. They are advised to allow their sons not more 
than one dollar ($1) per month as pocket money, and this 
must be sent to them, as we cannot handle it. All payments 
of cash, checks, etc., for school expenses should be sent direct 
to the Principal and not to the students, as, among other rea- 
sons, checks are sometimes carried for days in a boy's pocket 
until they are worn and soiled, and there is much danger of 
losing cash. 

Failure to Stand Examinations. — This teaches a boy to 
balk at every hill, deprives him of all honors at Commence- 
ment, and takes away all hope of his ever graduating. Do 
not, we beg, allow your son to absent himself from these tests 
of his knowledge, grit and manliness. 

Withdrawal, Suspension, Dismissal and Expulsion. — 

When a student is placed at school, it is naturally presumed 
to be for a session or school year, unless there is an agreement 
for a shorter attendance. If the boy, meanwhile, be with- 
drawn unnecessarily, the teacher is misled and damaged. The 
relation of Principal and patron is a delicate and responsible 
one, calling for fidelity on the part of each to the other's in- 
terest. Therefore, in case of withdrawal of student, whether 
such withdrawal is upon the parent's own motion or upon our 
request — except in case of serious sickness (so determined by 
the School Physician), or other such necessity satisfactory to 
us — the school expenses will he due and collectible from the 
date of such withdrawal until the close of the full term in 
May. lite rule is the same in the ease of suspension, dis- 
missal or expulsion. 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 69 

Reports and Courses. — Reports of scholarship and de- 
portment are sent out at stated periods. The Classical, Scien- 
tific and Commercial Courses are separate and do not weaken, 
but, on the contrary, strengthen one another. 

Permits. — Parents are urged not to give their sons permis- 
sion to leave the school either for home or elsewhere unless 
necessary. These permits greatly damage the student's 
scholarship and unsettle other boys who are quietly working. 

Entertainment of Visitors. — The boys are allowed to 
have their friends as visitors for a limited time during the 
session, the cost of the entertainment being charged to the 
student. At such times and at Commencement, accommoda- 
tion may be had in Mebane at a reasonable price. 

Keeping Dogs. — Students who have written permission 
from home will be allowed to go hunting ; but no one will be 
allowed to keep dogs at the school. 

Students Responsible for Their Property. — The Princi- 
pal cannot be responsible for money, valuables or any other 
property of the students, while they are in school or during 
their temporary or permanent absences. If, however, money 
is put in his care, he will deposit it in his safe for keeping. 
Other things, if carefully packed and labeled with the own- 
er's name, may be left with him, and they will be placed in 
the lock-up room. 




LAWN TENNIS IS A POPULAR GAME AT SCHOOL 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 



71 



Bingham School Student Officers, 

Session 1904190s. 



Voting men's Christian Association. 

President. Secretary and Treasurer. Vice-President. 

Joe A. Parker. James S. Patterson. A. Clarence Pickard. 



Presidents 
Joe A. Parker (twice). 
Ben C. Maffitt. 
Kobah E. Cole. 
Tom B. Pearce. 



Kalistbenic Literary Society. 

Secretaries and Treasurers. 
A. Clarence Pickard. 
Harry L. Stewart. 
Kobah E. Cole. 
Rupert R. Ferrell. 
W. Ross Harrell. 



Vice-Presidents. 

Harry L Stewart. 
Robah E. Cole. 
Tom B. Pearce. 
Jobn B. Van Story. 
Jas. Talbot Johnson. 



Censors and Critics. 

Ben C. Maffitt. 
H. Lindsay Field. 
Rupert R. Ferrell. 
Harry L Stewart. 



Chaplains. 
Eugene R. Cocke. 
Paul C. Krueger. 
Tim D. Cocke. 
William Snowden. 



Presidents. 
Arthur A. Jenkins. 
Thomas R. Purnell, Jr. 
James S. Patterson. 
George Hackney, Jr. 



Polemic Literary Society. 

Secretaries and Treasurers. 
George Hackney, Jr. 
William P. Beall, Jr. 
James W. Hines. 
James S. Patterson. 



Vice- Presidents. 
James S. Patterson. 
Harold W. Mehaffey. 
Thomas S. Dalton. 



Censors and Critics. 

Osmond Y. Yarboro. 
George Bunyan Cooper. 
G. Sam Bradshaw, Jr. 



Chaplains. 
G. Sam Bradshaw, Jr. 
William Easley Pace. 
William E. Ormond. 



Delegates to the V. ltl. C. J\. State Convention. 



James W. Hines. 
Thomas S. Dalton. 



Thomas R. Purnell, Jr. 
Joe A. Parker. 
James S. Patterson. 



Harry L. Stewart. 
Timothy D. Cocke. 



THE 15INGHAM SCHOOL. 



Athletic Association. 



President. Vice-President. Secretary and Treasurer. 

>en t C. Maffitt. Thos. S. Dalton. A. Clarence Pickard. 



football team, 1904. 

Robt. L. Chandler, center. Robah E. Cole, left end. 

Hubert Moore, right guard. Ben C. Maffitt, quarter-back (Capt. ). 

Marshall L. Cates, right tackle. Doyle B. Privett, right half-back (Mgr). 

William E. Ormond, right end. Fred P. Ross, full back. 

Chas. W. Hodge, left guard. W. P. LeGrand, left half-back. 

W. S. Crawford, left tackle. E. D. Kuykendall, coach. 

SUBSTITUTES. 

James S. Martin. C. C. Pugh. 

James S. Patterson A. Clarence Pickard. 

William P. Beall, Jr. Lee Davenport. 

G. S. Bradshaw, Jr. 

Baseball team, 1905. 

Robah E. Cole, first base. Robt. L. Howard, pitcher. 

A. M. Harris, second base. Arthur A. Jenkins, left field. 

G. Sam Bradshaw, Jr., third base. Chas. E. Redman, centrefield (Mgr). 

Ben C. Maffitt, short stop. Chas C. Burton, right field. 

W. P. LeGrand, catcher (captain and coach). 

SUBSTITUTES. 

D. M. Atwater, fielder. M. L. Sparrow, pitcher. 

William E. Ormond, fielder. 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 75 



"the Tnpincibles"— Second Baseball team. 

Irvin Harris, catcher. Arthur M. Harris, short stop. 

Paul C. Osborne, pitcher. Henry J. Johnston, left field. 

Chas. C. Burton, first base. C. Ben Atwater, center field. 

Fred Krueger, second base. Ernest H. Smith, right field. 
Timothy D. Cocke, third base. 

SUBSTITUTES. 

Lee Davenport. Edward L. Beasley. 

G Bunyan Cooper, captain. Joe A. Parker (Mgr. ). 

track team. 

Harry L. Stewart. Ernest H. Smith. W. Boss Harrell. 

Osmond Y. Yarboro. Ben C. Maflfitt. Kobah E. Cole. 

Glee Club. 

President. Vice-President. Secretary and Treasurer. 

A. Clarence Pickard. Thos. S. Dalton. A. Clarence Pickard. 




iw9*S*« 



THE BINGHAM feCIIOOL. 77 

Cist of Distinguished. 

$C$SiOlt 1904-1905. 



Graduates. 

SCIENTIFIC COURSE 

Arthur Alexander Jenkins. William Paisley Beall. 

Joseph Allen Parker. Ruth Culbertson. 

Harry LaFayette Stewart. James William Hines 

William Easley Pace. 

COMMERCIAL-SHORTHAND COURSE. 

Mary Jetton Culberson. Mary Myrtle Kirkpatrick. 

George Bunyan Cooper. Lillie Dow Fowler. 

William Paisley Beall. Arthur Miller Harris. 

COMMERCIAL-BOOKKEEPING COURSE. 

Cornelius Collier Pugh. James Edwin Garrison. 

Parks Fenrick Wilson. Robah Ernest Cole. 

Lillie Dow Fowler. Arthur Miller Harris. 

Clarence Grover Sasser. 

COMMERCIAL-TELEGRAPHY COURSE. 

Cornelius Collier Pugh. Marvin Lewis Sparrow. 

Winners of Scholarships, Prizes and medals. 

University of North Carolina Scholarship — Joseph Allen Parker. 

Washington and Lee University Scholarship — Harry LaFayette Stewart. 

University of Tennessee Scholarship — James William Hines. 

" Herbert Bingham" Scholarship— Arthur Miller Harris. 

Penmanship Medal — S. James Martin. 

Bible Prize — Susie J. Chandler. 

Penmanship Prize — William Eldon Snowden. 

Commercial Prize — Cornelius Collier Pugh. 

Prize in Science — Harry LaFayette Stewart. 

Prize in History — Joseph Allen Parker. 

Essay Medal — William Ross Harrell. 

Essay Medal (1904)— Ruth Culbertson. 

Latin Medal — Susie Chandler. 

Mathematics Medal — James Talbot Johnson. 

English Medal — Harry LaFayette Stewart. 

Athletic Medal— Ben Crew Maffitt. 



78 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 



first Prizes in fltnletic events. 



Ben Crew Maffitt. 



Hundred Yard Dash. 

Throwing the Baseball. 

Hammer Throw. 

Standing Broad Jump. ) 

Putting the Shot — W. Ross Harrell. 

Running Broad Jump. j Ernest H . Smith. 

Potato Race, > 

Pole Vault.— Robah E. Cole. 




VIEWS NEAR BINGHAM SCHOOL, ORANGE COUNTY, N. C. 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 79 



Soiree lHusicak. 

By the Bingham School Cornet Band, Assisted by Miss Kedman and 

the Music Class, Prof. Chas. E. Kedman, Director. 

Tuesday, May 16, 1905, 8 P. M. 

Band — Soldiers of Fortune (March) Machie-Beyer 

Piano Duet — Silver Stars Bohm 

Misses Craig and Scott 

Band — Sweetest Girl of All (Schottische) Mackie-Beyer 

Piano Solo — Chapel in the Mountain Wilson 

Miss Mattie Mae Craig 

Band — Colored Belles (Cake Walk) Mackie-Beyer 

Vocal Solo — The Land of the Sunset Glow Edith Fortescue 

Miss Ruth Etta Redman 

Band — United States Blue Jackets (March) Mackie-Beyer 

Piano Solo — Stephanie Gavotte Aljyhons Czidulka 

Miss Addie Scott 

Band — Anita Waltzes Mackie-Beyer 

Cornet Duet — Polka Adams and Rollinson 

Messrs. Redman and Hugh B. Stewart 

Band — Autumn Leaves (Serenade) Mackie-Beyer 

Piano Duet — Angels Serenade Braga 

Miss Craig and Mr. Pickard 

Band — Star of Hope (Overture) Mackie-Beyer 

Piano Solo— Robin Des Bois Sidney Smith 

Miss Mary Alice Fowler 

Band — Sylvan Valley Waltz Arr. by C. E. Kedman 

Recitation — A Heartrending Affair 

Miss Ruth Etta Redman 

Band — Overture (Niobe) Mackie-Beyer 

Sextette — Xellie was a Lady A. S. Sullivan 

Band — Summer Xight Serenade Sutton 



80 THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 

Points of Special Interest. 

I. Idleness Cure: Students whose deportment and schol- 
arship are not satisfactory are "kept in" in the afternoon for 
a certain time and study during the day and at night with a 
teacher ; those who do well can stay in their rooms except 
when on recitation. Our system, in this way, rewards the 
deserving and corrects the idle and lazy. 

II. Time and Attention Given Each Student: There are 
about fifteen students to each teacher. Xearly every class is 
small. Therefore, the teacher knows each boy thoroughly 
and has time to devote to the personal care of the individual. 

III. The Boys and Teachers are Associates and Friends: 
The teachers live and sleep in the dormitories with the boys 
and board in the Diiiing-IIall, teach in the class-rooms and 
play on the Athletic Field with them. Thus constant super- 
vision is exercised by them and much assistance is given at 
night. The Principal and Mrs. Wm. Bingham live 1 near by 
on the lawn with their families. 

IV. Discipline Administered With J astice and Impartial- 
ity : Every Saturday the Principal and teachers sit on "Ap- 
peal Meeting,''' when any boy aggrieved by a report, by him 
considered unjust, may state his case and thou, if wronged, is 
righted. There are no bar-rooms. Daily inspection of dress, 
room and person, and regulations designed to secure neatness, 
order, punctuality and obedience are had. We try to see that 
all school duties are performed with method and punctuality 
and without confusion. 

Y. Bible Coarse: Defaulters, forgers, and other felons 
have cultured minds and well-developed bodies. What is the 
reason for their ruin '. Their moral principle is wrong. 
Spiritual culture has been omitted in their education. Bible 



THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 81 

study supplies this omission and is commanded. "All Scrip- 
ture is . . profitable . . for instruction in righteousness"; 
"From a child thou hast known the holy scriptures" (part of 
2 Tim. 3:15-16). "And thou shalt teach them (the scrip- 
tures) diligently unto thy children'' (part of Deut. 6:7). 
Hence we consider the Bible Course a vital necessity in our 
school. Every student must take this study. 

VI. Physical Culture: Every student takes this course 
unless specially excused and attends class in the gymnasium 
regularly every school day during the session. It freshens 
the mind, strengthens the body and results in robust health. 

VII. Penmanship: Patrons highly appreciate the re- 
markable improvement in this art shown here by their sons. 
We emphasize its teaching, our penman having studied at the 
Zanerian Pen Art College of Ohio. 

VIII. Abundant Fare: The food is pure and unadul- 
terated, the amount not limited, and the preparation good. 

IX. The Faculty: Faithful teachers, old enough to be 
careful and responsible, young enough to be enthusiastic, la- 
borious and in full touch and sympathy with boys. 

X. Beautiful and Healthful Location: A beautiful 
grassy lawn with plenty of shade, good Avater and fresh air, 
the center of a large farm, on a plateau about 680 feet above 
sea level, surrounded by farms, forests and streams. A place 
with noted record for health. Good water, superior sanita- 
tion, safety from fire, sizable rooms (seven sections, or 38, 
having open fires and. occupied by two boys only), with pleas- 
ant, quiet, home surroundings — these are some of the ele- 
ments of healthfulness of our location. 

XL No Extra Tuition Fees: The curriculum embraces 
fourteen subjects. Students may take as many of these as 
they can do justice to for the one tuition fee. There are no 



S2 THE BINGHAM SCHOOL. 

extra or special fees attached to any class or course thus em- 
braced in the curriculum. Music, however, is not so in- 
cluded. 

XII. Health Record : The physical examination, gym- 
nasium classes, healthful sports, abundant sleep, good food, 
proper exercise, fresh air, good water and sizable rooms, well 
heated, lighted and ventilated, as well as regular hours and 
systematic work, all tend to produce good health. In many 
years there have been few cases of serious sickness. 

XIII. Not Space to Discuss All : Had we time and space, 
we might mention our reasonable charges, good board and 
faithful teachers ; the reputation and wide influeiice of the 
school name ; the Literary Societies ; Gymnasium and su- 
perior Athletics ; the class of students who attend, represent- 
ing the good substantial people of our country ; the modern 
character of the institution ; its courses, organized to meet the 
requirements of Southern Colleges ; regular study hours, etc. ; 
and other points of advantage. 

XIV. Ilazinc/ : The Principal and Faculty are bitterly 
opposed to hazing, and the penalty for same is corporal pun- 
ishment or expulsion. 

XV. A Great Xante : The name of The Bingham School 
is known far and wide in America, and it is an honor and 
benefit to graduate in the Institution. 



Index to Catalogue. 



Athletic Association 

Baseball Team 

Bible 

Boarding Department 

Bookkeeping 

Buildings and Grounds 

Calendar co 

Commercial Courses 

Commercial Law.. , 

Discipline.. 

Distinguished Graduates 

English 

Expense 

Faculty and Officers 

Football Team 

Glee Club 

Greek 

Healthfulness of Climate 

History 

History of School ... 

Ideal 

Latin 

Library and Reading-room 

Location 

Mathematics 

Medals 

Miscellaneous Remarks 

Mode and Courses of Instruction.. 

Music 

Penmanship 

Physical Culture 

Points of Special Interest 

Prizes 

Register of Students 

Salem Female Academy 

Schedule of Classes and Hours ... 

Sci ence 

Scholarships 

Social and Religious Conditions... 
Societies and Associations 



15 

ver 
35 
53 



43 
63 

4 
73 
75 
50 
15 
47 
12 

1 
• K 
55 
13 
45 
57 
67 
33 
55 
41 
39 
80 
56 

7 
84 
37 
47 
60 
21 
55 



PAGE 

Soiree Musicale 79 

Stenography 51 

Student Officers 71 

Teaching Force 27 

Telegraphy 53 

Typewriting 51 

Why Best for Boys 61 



PICTURES. 

Actual Work of Penman, 1902-'04 42 
Actual Work of Penman, 1898-'99 32 

Athletic Field from the South 36 

Baseball Team 26 

Bible Classes 20 

Bingham Band 28 

Bird's-eye View 13 

Colonel William Bingham 11 

Commercial Classes 52 

Dining Hall 62 

Faculty Pictures 2 

Football Team 72 

Glee Club 76 

Gymnasium, North Corner 44 

Gymnasium, South Corner 40 

Kalisthenic Society 59 

Mu-io Class 66 

Map of North Carolina 16 

"Midlawn" 14 

Mr. L. Chandler's Residence 54 

Polemic Society 58 

Residence of Principal 6 

Samples of Improvement in Pen- 
manship, 1900-'02 48-49 

Six Sections of Dormitories 18 

Senior Class 46 

Tennis Courts 22 

The Lawn from the Southeast 24 

Tennis Club 70 

Track Team 74 

Views near Binsrham School 78 



FOUNDED 1802. 



Salem Academy 
... and College 

SALEM, N. C. 

Are you Looking for a School Including 

Home Care and Safety 

Together with Full 

College Instruction ? 



If so, send for a Catalogue. There are peculiar advantages, and 
it may be to your interest as well as our own to examine into the 
matter. 

In addition to the peculiar care of health, character and intellect, 
we have full and complete private schools in 

MUSIC, ART, ELOCUTION, 
LANGUAGES, COMMERCIAL, AND 
INDUSTRIAL STUDIES. 

Enrollment last year 417, representing 21 States and foreign 
countries. 

Address, for information, 

JOHN H. CLEWELL, Ph. D., Principal. 



County Public Ubrartes 

342 S. Spring Street 

272J# 



^*t> 




CoLibn 



COVER SYSTEM 



Made in Italy 



8 032919